2.2.6 – Monuments in the Corinthian agora

[6] λόγου δὲ ἄξια ἐν τῇ πόλει τὰ μὲν λειπόμενα ἔτι τῶν ἀρχαίων ἐστίν, τὰ δὲ πολλὰ αὐτῶν ἐπὶ τῆς ἀκμῆς ἐποιήθη τῆς ὕστερον. ἔστιν οὖν ἐπὶ τῆς ἀγορᾶς— ἐνταῦθα γὰρ πλεῖστά ἐστι τῶν ἱερῶν—Ἄρτεμίς τε ἐπίκλησιν Ἐφεσία καὶ Διονύσου ξόανα ἐπίχρυσα πλὴν τῶν προσώπων: τὰ δὲ πρόσωπα ἀλοιφῇ σφισιν ἐρυθρᾷ κεκόσμηται: Λύσιον δέ, τὸν δὲ Βάκχειον ὀνομάζουσι.

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Pausanias’ narrative now jumps from the gates to the city to the middle of the agora, or Roman Forum.  The first monuments he mentions, statues of Artemis and Dionysus, have no explicit connection to any particular place in the agora.  Both statues allude to ancient cults and the wooden statues (ξόανα) of Dionysus attest to their antiquity. Dionysus’ conflict with Pentheus was made most famous by Euripides’ Bacchae.

Review: substantives, attributive use of the article

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Plan of the Roman Empire, ca. 150 CE

Statue of Artemis of Ephesus

Statue of Artemis of Ephesus. National Archaeological Museum, Tripoli (Libya). Photo: Marco Prins.