2.1.1 – The Land of Corinth and its Founders

ἡ δὲ Κορινθία χώρα μοῖρα οὖσα τῆς Ἀργείας ἀπὸ Κορίνθου τὸ ὄνομα ἔσχηκε. Διὸς δὲ εἶναι Κόρινθον οὐδένα οἶδα εἰπόντα πω σπουδῇ πλὴν Κορινθίων τῶν πολλῶν: Εὔμηλος δὲ ὁ Ἀμφιλύτου τῶν Βακχιδῶν καλουμένων, ὃς καὶ τὰ ἔπη λέγεται ποιῆσαι, φησὶν ἐν τῇ Κορινθίᾳ συγγραφῇ—εἰ δὲ Εὐμήλου γε ἡ συγγραφή—Ἐφύραν Ὠκεανοῦ θυγατέρα οἰκῆσαι πρῶτον ἐν τῇ γῇ ταύτῃ, Μαραθῶνα δὲ ὕστερον τὸν Ἐπωπέως τοῦ Ἀλωέως τοῦ Ἡλίου φεύγοντα ἀνομίαν καὶ ὕβριν τοῦ πατρὸς ἐς τὰ παραθαλάσσια μετοικῆσαι τῆς Ἀττικῆς, ἀποθανόντος δὲ Ἐπωπέως ἀφικόμενον ἐς Πελοπόννησον καὶ τὴν ἀρχὴν διανείμαντα τοῖς παισὶν αὐτὸν ἐς τὴν Ἀττικὴν αὖθις ἀναχωρῆσαι, καὶ ἀπὸ μὲν Σικυῶνος τὴν Ἀσωπίαν, ἀπὸ δὲ Κορίνθου τὴν Ἐφυραίαν μετονομασθῆναι.

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According to Pausanias, the land (χώρα) of Corinth has two accounts of Corinthus’ lineage.  The Corinthians themselves ascribe their founding to Corinthus the son of Zeus, but most Greeks follow the account of the eighth century Corinthian poet Eumelus, namely that Ephyra was the first to live there followed later by the sons of Marathon, Sicyon and Corinthus.  Several questions to consider:

If the Corinthia is a portion of the Argive, then why is Book 2 named “Corinthiaca”?  If Marathon is connected to Attica, why would a poet from Corinth name someone from Attica as founder of the Corinthian land?  Cf. OCD Eumelus and Bacchiadae. Finally, does Pausanias reconcile these two competing traditions regarding the founding of the Corinthia?  Does he prefer one account over another?

Review: genitive case, participles, compounds of οἰκέω

Pre-reading: participles in 2.1.1

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Rulers of Corinth (Complete)
Rulers of Corinth (Complete)